BMW+B&O

從2012年底特律車展看汽車造型設計趨勢-內飾造型設計

一般在車展中,鮮少概念車款有完整的內飾設計提供近距離觀賞,因為通常都是無法開啟車門的精緻模型。但有部分作品仍然大方嶄露了一些內飾設計的趨勢。在前不久的CES展可以嗅出一些端倪,各大車廠積極利用獨特的技術來展現自家產品的核心價值,紛紛採用最新的使用者界面設計和資訊科技應用在車內空間,而且也開始遍佈由高至低的各個級別車款之中。內飾設計的造型語言也適當地調整與外觀設計的調性一致,其中對於技術和品質的高度要求因素直接影響了更簡化且更易於掌控的設計和材料使用。

內飾設計的造型語言
就像外觀設計,汽車內飾設計語言變得更加誘人(媒體提到變得更簡單,但個人認為未必是變得比較簡單,更豐富的造型曲面有時候是較為複雜一些)。Chrysler 700C(老實說我看不出來@@)和Lexus LF-LC類似水流般的造型宛如從容地圍繞在乘客的四周流動著,整個座艙設計將主題從駕駛操作空間延伸至門飾板造型。IP的造型設計具有清晰的稜線且融合著較大的曲面和R角,而設計的重點通常還是著重在最接近駕駛側的周圍。

色彩材料設計

在美國,高質感是一個關鍵的賣點,因此強調精心設計的內飾設計顯然是底特律車廠製造商們的重點。不僅車縫線設計已經從座椅延伸到IP的細節處理上,增加軟襯料的裱裝式樣也再次出現在座椅的設計上來刻劃內飾的舒適和豪華感,多層次的材料運用在許多車款上都能看見,還有Mercedes的混合皮革設計(incorporating leather designs)已經能夠仿製出高品質行李箱和手提包的質感了。而最流行的內飾色彩無疑是具有明暗對比強烈的褐色系(chocolate brown)搭配設計。

另一項值得一提的趨勢是,以往在內飾設計常見的材質設計,開始延伸運用到外觀造型部件的細節上,反之,內飾也有越來越多的高光澤的黑色鋼琴鏡面塑料,或是以往使用在外觀上具有高光反射的面料質感,也帶進了內飾裡頭,在愈具前瞻性的概念車款上愈是顯而易見,Toyota NS4和Smart for US都是很明顯的例子。這是應該是因為受到越來越多消費電子產品的硬質、光滑的表面處理設計所影響。

科技運用
愈來愈多車款像Tesla Model S和Ford Fusion都設置了大的觸控螢幕並盡可能地減少實體按鈕的設計。多數的車廠則是專注在包含許多數位介面設計的儀表顯示上,以及減少會讓駕駛分心的抬頭顯示投影技術和語音控制系統。包括Cadillac ATS和Dodge Dart分別都展示了可針對駕駛習性或駕駛模式重新被配置的儀表顯示裝置,相當亮眼。

或許對某些駕駛者來說,車上越來越多的科技運用不見得是好事,然而重點除了科技技術之外,產品的設計或是設計師的加持,更成為了車廠行銷的重要因素。我們看到現代汽車在展覽會場大方展示了從BMW延攬而來的新任總監Chris Chapman就是一個很好的例子。現在,設計師的角色在超過大多數車廠的新車款的開發過程中成為不可或缺的一環,因為在現今的市場上兜售創意,成為為消費者解決問題的"go-to" people,已成為研發新車款的重要任務。

設計導向的產品在展覽會場上無處不見,顯然越來越多的車廠已從經濟危機的餘波中掙脫而出。不過,雖然危機可能已經過去,但仍有許多需要努力。一些品牌顯然仍舊屹立不搖,然而我們也期待他們在日後的日內瓦車展中能夠用甚麼樣更驚人的設計將汽車推向更未來的境界展現更多的可能性。

原文擷錄 CardesignNews…

Interior Trends

It was noticeable how few concepts in Detroit had complete interiors or were closed-off to viewing. But there are several interior trends making headway. The clear push for technological differentiation is one of the biggest stories, although for the full picture you needed to head to CES. But full adoption of user interface and connectivity is spreading throughout vehicles of all levels, entry-level to premium. Interior form language is being toned-down in line with that of the exteriors, as craftsmanship and high quality dictate simplified and more controllable designs and materials.


Interior Form language

Much like exterior design, vehicle interiors are becoming simpler and more inviting. The flowing forms in the Chrysler 700C and the Lexus LF-LC imitate water, calmly moving around the occupants, while many cabins allow surfaces and lines to continue onto the door panels. Instrument panels are featuring crisp edges with larger blends and radii, especially on surfaces closest to the occupants.

Materials 
With higher quality becoming a key selling point for US carmakers, an emphasis on well-crafted interiors was evident in Detroit. Stitching is spreading onto instrument panels, while quilting is making a return to seating to depict both comfort and luxury. The layering of materials is being used in several vehicles, with Mercedes incorporating leather designs that mimic high-quality luggage and handbags. The most popular color was undoubtedly chocolate brown, with high contrast between light and dark.

And one trend that started on the interior is escaping onto the outside of the car, piano black plastic now bringing its high gloss to exterior detailing. In fact, the more forward-reaching the concept vehicle, the more glossy materials were found inside and out, like the Toyota NS4 and the Smart For-US. This is a direct result of hard, glossy surface materials appearing more and more on consumer electronics such as mobile phones and televisions.

Technology

Many vehicles, like the Tesla Model S and Ford Fusion are incorporating larger touch screens and minimizing usage of buttons. Other OEMs are focusing on containing the majority of the digital interface in the clusters (Cadillac) and reducing driver distraction away from the road with heads-up displays and voice activation (Audi). Both Cadillac’s ATS and the Dodge Dart showed reconfigurable visuals geared towards the different driving modes (and perhaps the driver’s preferences).

It might not all be good news, but at the center of the positive story is design and the designer. It was interesting to see Hyundai for instance, parade its new head of the Irvine studio, Chris Chapman, on stage during its press conference. This year, more than most, the designer was an influential piece in the puzzle, with OEMs touting their creatives as the “go-to" people when it comes to the development of new vehicles.

Design-led products were clear to see here, as more vehicles break free of the fallout from the economic meltdown. But while the worse may be over, there is still much to grapple with. Some brands are clearly still consolidating and it will be interesting to see whether Geneva exhibits greater evidence of designs that push the boundaries of what a vehicle can be.